Afghanistan. The capital of this country is Kabul. The population is 24,792 thousand people (1998). The population density is 38 people per square meter. km. The ratio between urban and countryside population is 20% and 80%. The area is 652 225 square km. The highest point is Mount Naushak (7485 m above sea level). The lowest point is in the Amudarya river valley (275 m). Official spoken languages are Pashto, Dari (Afghan dialect of the Persian language). Main religion is Islam. Administrative territorial division counts 30 provinces. Monetary unit is afghani = 100 pools. National holiday is New Year that is celebrated on March 21.
Afghanistan is an extremely poor country, heavily dependent on foreign aid.
Afghanistan has an ancient history, preserved to this day culture in the form of various languages and monuments. Nevertheless, many historical monuments were destroyed during the war. Two famous Buddha statues in the Bamiyan province were destroyed by the Taliban movement, who viewed them as "idolatrous" and "pagan". Other famous monuments of architecture can be found the cities of Kandahar, Ghazni and Balkh. The Jamsky minaret, in the valley of the Hari River, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The cloak of Muhammad is kept inside the famous Khalkha Sharif in the city of Kandahar.
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