Europe is a part of the world in the Northern Hemisphere of the Earth, washed by the seas of the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans and has an area of about 10 million km² and a population of approximately (in 2013) 742.5 million people (about 10% of the world's population). Together with Asia, the continent forms Eurasia.
The average height if the continent is about 300 m, the maximum height is 4808 m, Mont Blanc, or (at the European border along the Caucasian ridge) that reaches 5642 m, Elbrus, whereas the minimum height is about 27 meters (the Caspian Sea) and varies with fluctuations in the sea level.
Europe plain land prevails and the mountains occupy about 17% of the territory. Active volcanoes are mainly located in Iceland and the Mediterranean.
In most of the territory the climate is temperate, on the northern islands it is subarctic and arctic, in Southern Europe it is Mediterranean, in the Caspian lowland it can be semi-desert. On the islands of the Arctic, in Iceland, and the Scandinavian mountains, the Alps are considered to be areas wiht glaciation (an area of over 116 thousand km²).
The Guinness Book of Records considers the village of Purnuskiai 26 km north of Vilnius as the "official" geographical center of Europe.
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